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pg. 195

California Laws | Election Code

16521. The clerk of the superior court, after an order setting a contest for trial, shall issue a citation to both parties containing a copy of the order. He or she shall deliver it to the sheriff who shall serve it either upon the parties or leave it at the residences named in the affidavits of registration of the parties. (5533)

Article 3. Contest Procedures at Primary Elections: Involving a Recount (16540) (5534)(Text)

16540. On the fifth day after the end of the time for filing contestant's affidavit, the clerk of the superior court shall present the affidavits of the contestant and the defendant and proof of posting of contestant's affidavit to the presiding judge of the superior court, or anyone acting in his or her stead, who shall forthwith designate the time and place of hearing, the time for which shall be not less than 10 nor more than 20 days from the date of the order. (5535)


Article 1. General Elections (16600-16603) (5537)(Text)

16600. The court shall meet at the time and place designated, to determine the contested election, and shall have all the powers necessary to the determination thereof. It may adjourn from day to day until the trial is ended, and may also continue the trial before its commencement for any time not exceeding 20 days for good cause shown by any party upon affidavit, at the costs of the party applying for the continuance. (5538)

16601. At the trial the ballots shall be opened and a recount taken, in the presence of all the parties, of the votes cast for the various candidates in all contests where it appears from the statements filed that a recount is necessary for the proper determination of the contest. The recount shall include a tabulation of all names written upon a ballot and which are subject to canvass pursuant to Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 15350) of Division 15. (5539)

16602. In the trial and determination of election contests, the court shall be governed by the rules of law and evidence governing the determination of questions of law and fact, so far as the same may be applicable. It may dismiss the proceedings if the statement of the cause of the contest is insufficient, or for want of prosecution. (5540)

16603. The court shall continue in session to hear and determine all issues arising in contested elections. After hearing the proofs and allegations of the parties and within 10 days after the submission thereof, the court shall file its findings of fact and conclusions of law, and immediately thereafter shall pronounce judgment in the premises, either confirming or annulling and setting aside the election. The judgment shall be entered immediately thereafter. (5541)

Article 2. Primary Elections: Contests Other than Recount (16620) (5542)(Text)

16620. The court shall meet at the time and place designated in the order setting the contest for trial, and shall have all powers necessary to determine the issues. (5543)

Article 3. Primary Elections: Contests Involving a Recount (16640-16643) (5544)(Text)

16640. If the number of votes that are sought to be recounted or the number of contests are such that the judge in a county in which there is but one superior court judge is of the opinion that it will require additional judges to enable the contest or contests to be determined in time to print the ballots for the election, he or she may obtain the service of any other superior judge, and the proceedings shall be the same as provided for a county in which there is more than one superior court judge. (5545)

16641. If the proceeding is in a county where there is more than one superior court judge, the judge to whom the case is assigned shall notify the presiding judge forthwith of the number of judges which he or she deems necessary to participate in order to finish the contest in time to print the ballots for the final election. The presiding judge shall forthwith designate as many judges as are necessary to completion of the contest, by order in writing and thereupon all of the judges so designated shall participate in the recount of the ballots and the giving of judgment in the contest in the manner specified in this article. (5546)

16642. The judges designated by the order to hear the contest, including the judge to whom the contest was originally assigned, shall convene upon notice from the judge to whom the contest was originally assigned, and agree upon the precincts which each one of them, sitting separately, will recount. Thereupon the recount shall so proceed that each judge, sitting separately, shall respectively determine the recount in those precincts which have been assigned to him or her, so that the ballots opened before one judge need not be opened before another judge or department. (5547)

16643. The proceedings before every judge in making a recount of the precincts assigned to him or her, as to the appointment of the elections official and persons necessary to be assistants of the court in making it, shall be the same as in contested elections. Section 16503 applies to the recount. (5548)


Article 1. General Elections (16700-16703) (5550)(Text)

16700. The person declared elected by the superior court is entitled to a certificate of election. If a certificate has not already been issued to him or her, the elections official shall immediately make out and deliver to that person a certificate of election signed by him or her. (5551)

16701. If the elections official has issued any certificate for the same office to any other person than the one declared elected by the court, or if the court finds a tie vote in a general election contest brought under this division, the certificate is annulled by the judgment. (5552)

16702. Whenever an election is annulled or set aside by the judgment of the superior court, and no appeal has been taken within 10 days thereafter, the commission, if any has issued, is void and the office vacant. (5553)

16703. If in any election contest it appears that another person than the defendant has the highest number of legal votes, the court shall declare that person elected. (5554)

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