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California Laws | Election Code
DIVISION 21. STATE AND LOCAL REAPPORTIONMENT
CHAPTER 7. CITY ELECTIONS

21601.1. The council shall hold at least one public hearing on any proposal to adjust the boundaries of a district prior to a public hearing at which the council votes to approve or defeat the proposal. (20569)

21602. The boundaries of the council districts shall be adjusted by the council before the first day of November of the year following the year in which each decennial federal census is taken. (20570)

Notwithstanding Article 2 (commencing with Section 34870) of Chapter 7 of Part 1 of Division 2 of Title 4 of the Government Code, if the council fails to adjust the boundaries prior to the 90th day before the final date for registration of electors for an election of council members in the city, each council member to be elected at that election and at any succeeding election shall have the qualifications required by Section 34883 of the Government Code, but shall be elected at large. Council members shall continue to be so elected until the council adjusts the boundaries of the districts. (20571)

21603. If at any time between each decennial federal census, a city annexes territory or consolidates with another city, the legislative body of the city annexing the territory or the legislative body of the consolidated city, shall reexamine the boundaries of its council districts after the first census is taken or the first current population estimates are obtained, following the annexation or consolidation. (20572)

If upon reexamination, the legislative body finds that the population of any council district has varied so that the districts no longer meet the criteria specified in Section 21601, the legislative body shall, within 60 days after the census is taken, or current population estimate received, by ordinance or resolution, adjust the boundaries of any or all of the council districts of the city so that the districts shall be as nearly equal in population as may be. (20573)

21604. Any person claiming that the estimates of population used in the redistricting pursuant to Section 21603 do not reflect the current population within the district boundaries more accurately than the most recent census data, may commence an action in the superior court in declaratory relief to determine that fact. The action shall be brought within 42 days after the adoption of the redistricting ordinance or resolution. (20574)

21605. The council may appoint a committee composed of residents of the city to study the matter of changing the boundaries of the council districts. The committee shall make its report to the council of its findings on the need for change of boundaries, and the recommended changes by the first day of August of the year following the year in which the decennial federal census is taken. Recommendations of the committee are advisory only. (20575)

21606. (a) The term of office of any council member who has been elected and whose term of office has not expired shall not be affected by any change in the boundaries of the district from which he or she was elected. (20576)

(b) At the first election for council members in each city following adjustment of the boundaries of councilmanic districts, a council member shall be elected for each district under the readjusted district plan that has the same district number as a district whose incumbent's term is due to expire. (20577)

(c) Notwithstanding any other provision of this article, a change in the boundaries of a council district shall not be made within 90 days prior to the final date of voter registration for an election of council members in the city or between the municipal primary election and the general municipal election. (20578)

Article 2. Chartered Cities (21620-21620.1) (20579)(Text)

21620. If the members of the governing body of a chartered city are nominated or elected "by districts" or "from districts," as defined in Section 34871 of the Government Code, upon the initial establishment thereof, the districts shall be as nearly equal in population as may be according to the latest federal decennial census or, if the city's charter so provides, according to the federal mid-decade census or the official census of the city, as provided for pursuant to Chapter 17 (commencing with Section 40200) of Part 2 of Division 3 of Title 4 of the Government Code, as the case may be. After the initial establishment of the districts, the districts shall continue to be as nearly equal in population as may be according to the latest federal decennial census or, if authorized by the charter of the city, according to the federal mid-decade census. The districts shall comply with the applicable provisions of the federal Voting Rights Act of 1965, Section 1973 of Title 42 of the United States Code, as amended. In establishing the boundaries of the districts, the council may give consideration to the following factors: (1) topography, (2) geography, (3) cohesiveness, contiguity, integrity, and compactness of territory, and (4) community of interest of the districts. (20580)

21620.1. The governing body shall hold at least one public hearing on any proposal to adjust the boundaries of a district prior to a public hearing at which the council votes to approve or defeat the proposal. (20581)

CHAPTER 8. SPECIAL DISTRICTS (22000) (20582)(Text)

22000. (a) Each district required by its authorizing act to adjust division boundaries pursuant to this section shall, by resolution, after each federal decennial census, and using that census as a basis, adjust the boundaries of any divisions so that the divisions are, as far as practicable, equal in population and in compliance with Section 1973 of Title 42 of the United States Code, as amended, to the extent those provisions are applicable. In adjusting the boundaries of the district, the board may give consideration to the following factors: (1) topography, (2) geography, (3) cohesiveness, contiguity, integrity, and compactness of territory, and (4) community of interests of the district. This section does not apply to districts in which only landowners vote for directors or whose directors are all elected at large or appointed. (20583)

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