civil

Definition:

(a.) Pertaining to a city or state, or to a citizen in his relations to his fellow citizens or to the state; within the city or state.

(a.) Subject to government; reduced to order; civilized; not barbarous; -- said of the community.

(a.) Performing the duties of a citizen; obedient to government; -- said of an individual.

(a.) Having the manners of one dwelling in a city, as opposed to those of savages or rustics; polite; courteous; complaisant; affable.

(a.) Pertaining to civic life and affairs, in distinction from military, ecclesiastical, or official state.

(a.) Relating to rights and remedies sought by action or suit distinct from criminal proceedings.

Related Terms:

affable, affair, affect, barb, barbarous, citizen, civic, community, complaisant, courteous, criminal, duties, dwell, dwelling, eccle, ecclesia, ecclesiast, ecclesiastic, ecclesiastical, educed, fable, militar, military, munity, obedient, official, performing, polite, reduced, remedies, rustic, savage, sough, sought, unity, welling

Embedded:

annonae civiles, arrest in civil cases, board of civil authority, corpus juris civilis, decivilize, incivil, incivilities, incivility, incivilization, incivilly, jus civile, law, uncivil, uncivility, uncivilization, uncivilized, uncivilty

Legal Application:

This word has various significations. 1. It is used in contradistinction to barbarous or savage, to indicate a state of society reduced to order and regular government; thus we speak of civil life, civil society, civil government, and civil liberty

2. It is sometimes used in contradistinction to criminal, to indicate the private rights and remedies of men, as members of the community, in contrast to those which are public and relate to the government; thus we speak of civil process and criminal process, civil jurisdiction and criminal jurisdiction.

3. It is also used in contradistinction to military or ecclesiastical, to natural or foreign; thus we speak of a civil station, as opposed to a military or ecclesiastical stationa civil death as opposed to a natural death; a civil warasopposed to a foreign war. Story on the Const. 789; 1 Bl. Coin. 6, 125, 251; Montesq. Sp. of Laws, B 1, c. 3; Ruth. Inst. B. 2, c. 2; Id. ch. 3Id. ch. 8, p. 359; Hein. Elem. Jurisp. Nat. B. 2, ch. 6.

Related Actions:

coin, community, dies, ecclesia, ecclesiastic, ecclesiastical, foreign, liber, liberty, life, member, members, private, process, signification, society, station, unity

The information contained on this page is taken from multiple sources in the public domain, including GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English. While no copyright is asserted on information taken from public domain sources, the compilation and cross-referencing of these and other materials is protected under copyright and other intellectual property laws. The application and understanding of legal process is in a constant state of change. Some of this information may be outdated or inaccurate. Before relying on any legal information or concept you should seek the counsel of a competent legal professional.