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California Laws | Election Code

Article 2. Primary Elections: Other than Recount (16720) (5555)(Text)

16720. After the court has heard the proofs and allegations of the parties, it shall file its findings of fact and conclusions of law and immediately pronounce judgment either confirming the nomination or setting it aside and decreeing contestant nominated. (5556)

Article 3. Primary Elections: Involving a Recount (16740-16742) (5557)(Text)

16740. When the recount has been completed in the manner required by Article 4 (commencing with Section 16460) of Chapter 5, and Article 3 (commencing with Section 16640) of Chapter 7, all the judges who took part, if more than one, shall assemble and make the decision of the court. If there is any difference of opinion, a majority of the judges shall finally determine all questions, and give a separate decision or judgment in each contest. (5558)

16741. A certified copy of the judgment shall be served upon the elections official and may be enforced summarily in the same manner as provided in Section 13314. (5559)

16742. If the contest proceeds in more than one county, and the nominee is to be certified by the Secretary of State from the compilation of election returns in his or her office, the judgment in each county in which there has been a contest shall show what, if any, changes in the returns in the office of the Secretary of State relating to that county ought to be made. Certified copies of the judgments shall be served upon the Secretary of State. He or she shall make the changes in the record in his or her office as each judgment requires, and conform his or her compilation and his or her certificate of nomination accordingly. (5560)

CHAPTER 9. COSTS (16800-16803) (5561)(Text)

16800. If the proceedings in a general election contest under this division are dismissed for insufficiency or for want of prosecution, or the election is confirmed by the court, judgment for costs shall be rendered against the contestant and in favor of the defendant. If the election is annulled or set aside on the ground of errors of a precinct board in conducting the election or in canvassing the returns, the costs shall be a charge against the county or city where the election was held. When the election is annulled or set aside on any other ground, judgment for costs shall be given in favor of contestant and against the defendant. (5562)

16801. Where two or more contested elections are joined for the purpose of recounting votes, the costs shall be apportioned among the parties in the discretion of the court. (5563)

16802. Primarily each party is liable for the costs created by himself or herself to the officers and witnesses entitled thereto, which costs may be collected in the same manner as similar costs are collected in other cases. (5564)

16803. The provisions relating to costs in contested final elections apply to primary election contests conducted under this division. (5565)

CHAPTER 10. APPEALS (5566)(Text)

Article 1. General Elections (16900) (5567)(Text)

16900. Any party aggrieved by the judgment of the court may appeal therefrom to the court of appeal, as in other cases of appeal thereto from the superior court. During the pendency of proceedings on appeal, and until final determination thereof, the person declared elected by the superior court shall be entitled to the office in like manner as if no appeal had been taken. (5568)

Article 2. Primary Elections: Other than a Recount (16920) (5569)(Text)

16920. Either party to a contest may appeal to the district court of appeal of the district where the contest is brought, if the appeal is perfected by the appellant within 10 days after judgment of the superior court is pronounced. The appeal shall have precedence over all other appeals and shall be acted upon by the district court of appeal within 10 days after the appeal is filed. (5570)

Article 3. Primary Elections: Involving a Recount (16940) (5571)(Text)

16940. The judgment of the court is final in every respect. No party may appeal. (5572)



17000. (a) The elections official shall preserve all canceled original affidavits of registration for a period of five years, after which they may be destroyed by that officer. (5575)

(b) In lieu of preserving the canceled original affidavit of registration, the elections official may, by filming or other suitable method, record the canceled affidavit and destroy the affidavit following the first general election after the date of cancellation. (5576)

17001. The elections official shall keep a copy of the index to the affidavits of registration described in Section 2180 on file as a public record for election, political research, and governmental purposes for a period of five years. (5577)


17100. (a) All nomination documents and signatures in lieu of filing fee petitions filed in accordance with this code shall be held by the officer with whom they are filed during the term of office for which they are filed and for four years after the expiration of the term. (5579)

(b) Thereafter, the documents and petitions shall be destroyed as soon as practicable unless they either are in evidence in some action or proceeding then pending or unless the elections official has received a written request from the Attorney General, the Secretary of State, the Fair Political Practices Commission, a district attorney, a grand jury, or the governing body of a county, city and county, or district, including a school district, that the documents and petitions be preserved for use in a pending or ongoing investigation into election irregularities, the subject of which relates to the placement of a candidate's name on the ballot, or in a pending or ongoing investigation into a violation of the Political Reform Act of 1974 (Title 9 (commencing with Section 81000) of the Government Code). (5580)

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