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California Laws | Food and Agriculture Code
DIVISION 13. BEE MANAGEMENT AND HONEY PRODUCTION
CHAPTER 1. BEES

29307. Any person who violates any injunctive order issued pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 29304 shall be subject to a civil penalty, in addition to any other penalty provided for by law, not to exceed six thousand dollars ($6,000). Where the conduct constituting a violation is of a continuing nature, each day of violative conduct shall be a separate and distinct violation. (7763)

29308. The director shall appoint a supervisor of apiary inspection and such qualified state apiary inspectors as may be necessary. (7764)

29309. Each commissioner is an ex officio state apiary inspector and may appoint one or more inspectors, qualified pursuant to the regulations of the director, to be county apiary inspectors. (7765)

29310. The director may assign one or more qualified state apiary inspectors to perform the duties of a county apiary inspector in any county for such time and rate of compensation as may be determined by agreement with the board of supervisors pursuant to Section 482. The state apiary inspector shall be under the direction and supervision of the commissioner if there is a commissioner in the county to which the inspector is assigned. (7766)

29311. The penalties prescribed by this chapter are exclusive and no other civil penalties may be assessed. (7767)

Article 16. Africanized Honey Bees (29320-29321) (7768)(Text)

29320. The secretary, in cooperation with the Regents of the University of California, may approve programs statewide to train, on a voluntary basis, beekeepers in the maintenance of colonies free of Africanized honey bees. (7769)

29321. (a) Any hive or comparable apparatus that is not occupied by a live bee colony, and that is accessible to bees, is a public nuisance. The hive or apparatus shall be subject to abatement in the manner provided for in Article 14 (commencing with Section 29200). (7770)

(b) Notwithstanding subdivision (a), if the commissioner determines that any bees present in an abandoned hive or comparable apparatus are not aggressive and harbor no diseases, the abandoned hive or comparable apparatus shall not be deemed a public nuisance. In those cases, the commissioner may request that any beekeeper remove the hive or comparable apparatus from the premises. Any beekeeper who complies with the commissioner's request may take permanent possession of the abandoned hive or apparatus. (7771)

CHAPTER 2. HONEY (7772)(Text)

Article 1. Definitions (29401-29421) (7773)(Text)

29401. Unless the context otherwise requires, the definitions in this article govern the construction of this chapter. (7774)

29402. "Adulterated honey" means any honey to which has been added honeydew, glucose, dextrose, molasses, sugar, sugar sirup, invert sugar, or any other similar product except the nectar of floral exudations of plants gathered and stored in the comb by honeybees. (7775)

29403. "Agent" includes broker, commission merchant, auctioneer, solicitor, seller on consignment, and any other person that is acting upon the actual or implied authority of another. (7776)

29404. "Clean and sound containers" means containers which are virtually free from rust, stains, or leaks. (7777)

29405. "Comb honey" means honey which is in the comb. (7778)

29406. "Container" means any box, crate, chest, carton, barrel, keg, or other receptacle which contains honey. (7779)

29407. "Crystallized honey" means honey which has assumed a solid form due to the crystallization of one or more of the natural sugars in it. (7780)

29408. "Deceptive arrangement" or "deceptive display" means any lot, load, arrangement, or display of honey which has in any exposed surface, honey which is so superior in quality, appearance, or condition, or in any other respects, to any of the honey which is concealed or unexposed as to materially misrepresent any part of the lot, load, arrangement, or display. (7781)

29409. "Deceptive pack" means any container or subcontainer of honey which has, in any exposed surface, honey or honeycomb, so superior in quality, appearance, condition, or in any other respect to the honey in the interior of the container or subcontainer, or the unexposed portion, as to materially misrepresent the contents. It includes any pack: (7782)

(a) Even though the honey in a container is virtually uniform in quality as defined in this chapter, if the outer or exposed surface is composed of honey which is not an accurate representation of the variation in quality of the honey in the entire container. (7783)

(b) Which is slack-filled, unless the container is so marked, even though such container is marked with the proper net weight of the honey which it contains. (7784)

29409.5. "Domestic honey" means comb or extracted honey produced within one of the states of the United States. (7785)

29410. "Extracted honey" means honey which has been removed from the comb. (7786)

29412. "Foreign material" means wax particles, insects, or other materials which were not deposited by bees. It does not, however, include decorative artificial leaves or blossoms. (7787)

29413. (a) "Honey" means the natural sweet substance produced by honeybees from the nectar of plants or from secretions of living parts of plants or excretions of plant sucking insects on the living parts of plants, which the bees collect, transform by combining with specific substances of their own, deposit, dehydrate, store, and leave in the honeycomb to ripen and mature. (7788)

(b) "Blossom honey" or "nectar honey" means the honey that comes from nectars of plants. (7789)

(c) "Honeydew honey" means the honey that comes mainly from excretions of plant sucking insects (Hemiptera) on living parts of plants or secretions of living parts of plants. (7790)

(d) Honey consists essentially of different sugars, predominantly fructose and glucose as well as other substances such as organic acids, enzymes, and solid particles derived from honey collection. The color of honey can vary from nearly colorless to dark brown. The consistency can be fluid, viscous, or partially to completely crystallized. The flavor and aroma vary, but are derived from plant origin. (7791)

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