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California Laws | Food and Agriculture Code
DIVISION 13. BEE MANAGEMENT AND HONEY PRODUCTION
CHAPTER 2. HONEY

(e) Honey sold as described in subdivision (d) shall not have added to it any food ingredient, including food additives, nor shall any other additions be made other than honey. Honey shall not have any objectionable matter, flavor, aroma, or taint absorbed from foreign matter during its processing and storage. Honey shall not have begun to ferment or effervesce and no pollen or constituent particular to honey may be removed except where unavoidable in the removal of foreign inorganic or organic matter. (7792)

(f) Honey shall meet the following standards: (7793)

(1) Honey shall not be heated or processed to such an extent that its essential composition is changed or its quality is impaired. (7794)

(2) Chemical or biochemical treatments shall not be used to influence honey crystallization. (7795)

(3) Honey shall not contain more than 20 percent moisture content and for heather honey not more than 23 percent. (7796)

(4) Honey shall contain not less than 60 percent fructose and glucose, combined. (7797)

(5) Honeydew honey and blends of honeydew honey with blossom honey shall not contain less than 45 percent fructose and glucose, combined. (7798)

(6) Blossom honey shall not contain more than 5 percent sucrose, except for the following: (7799)

(A) Alfalfa (Medicago saliva), citrus spp., false acacia (Robinia pseudoacacia), French honeysuckle (Hedysarum), Menzies banksias (Banksia menziesii), red gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis), leatherwood (Eucryphia lucida), and Eucryphia milligani may contain up to 10 percent sucrose. (7800)

(B) Lavender (Lavandula spp.) and borage (Borago officinalis) may contain up to 15 percent sucrose. (7801)

(7) The water insoluble solids content for honey other than pressed honey shall not be more than 0.1g/100g. The content for pressed honey shall not be more than 0.5g/100g. (7802)

29414. "Honeybees" means honey-producing insects of the genus Apis mellifica. (7803)

29415. "Honeydew" means the dextrorotatory saccharine exudation of plants or insects, except nectareous exudations, which is gathered and stored in the comb by honeybees. (7804)

29415.5. "Imported honey" means comb or extracted honey imported from any territory or foreign county or honey which is repackaged into subcontainers as a blend with honey imported from one or more other countries. (7805)

29416. "Mislabeled" means the placing or presence of any false or misleading statement, design, or device upon, or in connection with, any container or lot of honey, or upon the label, lining, or wrapper of any such container, or any placard used in connection with any container or lot of honey, which has reference to such honey. A statement, design, or device is false and misleading, if the honey to which it apparently or actually refers does not conform in every respect to such statement. (7806)

29417. "Pack," or "packing" or "packed," means the arrangement of all or a part of the subcontainers in any container. (7807)

29418. "Placard" means any sign, label, or designation, except an oral designation, which is used in connection with any honey as a description or identification of it. (7808)

29419. "Section box" means the wood or other frame in which bees have built a small comb of honey. (7809)

29420. "Slack-filled" means that the contents of any container occupy less than 85 percent of the volume of the closed container. (7810)

29421. "Subcontainer" means any section box or other receptacle which is used within a container. (7811)

Article 2. General Provisions (29441-29451) (7812)(Text)

29441. The director and the commissioners of each county of the state, their deputies and inspectors, under the supervision and control of the director shall enforce this chapter. (7813)

29442. The refusal of any officer who is authorized pursuant to this chapter to carry out the orders and directions of the director in the enforcement of this chapter is neglect of duty. (7814)

29443. The director may do all of the following: (7815)

(a) Prescribe by regulation methods of selecting samples of lots or containers of honey, which shall be reasonably calculated to produce by such sampling fair representations of the entire lots or containers sampled. (7816)

(b) Establish by regulation and issue official color charts which depict the color standards and requirements established in this chapter. (7817)

(c) Make such other regulations as are reasonably necessary to secure uniformity in the enforcement of this chapter. (7818)

29444. Any sample which is taken pursuant to this chapter is prima facie evidence of the true condition of the entire lot in the examination of which the sample was taken. The presumption established by this paragraph is a presumption affecting the burden of proof. (7819)

29445. An enforcing officer may do all of the following: (7820)

(a) Enter and inspect any place or conveyance within the county or district over which he has jurisdiction, where any honey is produced, stored, packed, delivered for shipment, loaded, shipped, being transported, or sold. (7821)

(b) Inspect all honey and the containers of honey and equipment which is found in any place or conveyance which he is authorized to enter and inspect. (7822)

(c) Take for inspection, such representative samples of the honey and such containers, as may be necessary to determine whether or not this chapter has been violated. (7823)

29446. An enforcing officer shall cause the prosecution of any person whom he knows or has reason to believe is guilty of violating any provision of this chapter. (7824)

29447. Any enforcement officer may, while enforcing this chapter, seize and hold as evidence all or any part of any pack, load, bulk lot, consignment, or shipment of honey packed, delivered for shipment, loaded, shipped, or being transported, or sold in violation of this chapter, or any container of such product, as may in his judgment be necessary to secure the conviction of the party he knows or believes has violated or is violating any provision of this chapter. (7825)

29448. If any markings are used or required to be used by this chapter on any container of honey to identify the container or describe its contents, the markings shall be plainly and conspicuously marked, stamped, stenciled, printed, labeled, or branded in the English language, unless the container is intended for and is shipped outside of the United States, in letters which are large enough to be readily discernible by any person, upon the top, front, or side of the container. If the marking is on a placard which is used in a display, the placard shall be placed or posted in such a position that there is no doubt as to the product which it is to identify. (7826)

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