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California Laws | Food and Agriculture Code

29703. Any evidence which is taken by any enforcing officer in any county may be admitted in evidence in any prosecution in any other county. (7927)

Article 12. Public Nuisances (29731-29735) (7928)(Text)

29731. Any honey which is packed, stored, delivered for shipment, loaded, shipped, or being transported or sold in violation of any provision of this chapter, together with its containers, is a public nuisance. The honey shall be held by the person in whose possession it may be and shall not be moved from the place where it may be, except under the specific direction of an enforcement officer. (7929)

29732. The enforcement officer may affix a warning tag or notice to the honey and its containers which are a public nuisance. (7930)

29733. If a packer or owner of honey, or the agent of either, after notification to the packer, owner, or agent that the honey and its containers are a public nuisance, refuses, or fails within a reasonable time, to recondition or remark the honey so as to comply with all requirements of this chapter, the honey and its containers: (7931)

(a) May be seized by the director or any enforcement officer. (7932)

(b) By order of the superior court of the county within which the honey and its containers may be located, shall be condemned and destroyed, or released upon conditions the court, in its discretion, may impose to ensure that it will not be packed, delivered for shipment, shipped, transported, or sold in violation of this chapter. A proceeding under this section is a limited civil case if the value of the property in controversy is less than or equal to the maximum amount in controversy for a limited civil case under Section 85 of the Code of Civil Procedure. (7933)

29734. If an agent is found in possession of any honey which is a public nuisance, notice of rejection or any order of the court concerning the honey may be served on such agent and need not be served on the packer or owner. (7934)

29735. It is unlawful for any person to fail to comply with the directions of any officer relating to the disposition of any honey which is a public nuisance, or with any order of court respecting it. (7935)


29810. (a) The Legislature finds and declares all of the following: (7937)

(1) The California citrus industry is in the process of adapting to a more competitive marketplace and to consumer tastes that continue to change. In the past five years, an estimated 40,000 acres of citrus have been removed from production and replaced with new varieties of citrus, a majority of which is mandarin fruit commonly called Clementines or W. Murcotts, which are intended to be seedless. (7938)

(2) According to the 2005 California Citrus Acreage Report, these varieties have increased substantially. In 2004, more than 10,000 acres of these varieties were bearing fruit. Another 2,000 acres began bearing fruit in 2005. The same report states that an additional 12,000 acres of these varieties have been planted but have yet to bear fruit. This production will come into maturity within the next three years, and more is being planted. (7939)

(3) Due to the production of other agricultural products in proximity to new seedless varieties of citrus, the production of these varieties may be in jeopardy. According to a University of California at Riverside study published in June of 2005, seedless mandarins command three to four times as much revenue as seeded mandarins. Other citrus-producing nations around the world have adopted citrus protection areas to limit damage created by cross-pollination. (7940)

(4) Honeybees are an essential component of agriculture as they pollinate approximately $6 billion worth of crops in California. Historically, honeybee colonies are placed in the citrus belt of Kern, Tulare, Fresno, and Madera Counties to support existing agricultural practices, including the pollination of several commodities and the production of honey. Colony Collapse Disorder has reduced the nation's bee population by 25 percent in the past three years, which in turn has created pressure on other agricultural sectors that rely on a healthy bee population for pollination of their crops. (7941)

(b) Any regulation or best management practice adopted pursuant to this chapter shall not affect the actual pollination process of other commodities during their blooming cycle, nor shall it be implemented when almonds, avocados, peaches, plums, nectarines, seed crops, or other commodities require pollination. (7942)

(c) Any regulation or best management practice adopted pursuant to this chapter shall not affect the ability of property owners located within the area impacted by the regulation or best management practice to farm any commercial crop, including, but not limited to, honey, citrus, and other commodities recognized by the Department of Food and Agriculture. (7943)

29811. (a) Not later than 15 days after enactment of this chapter, the secretary shall designate a Seedless Mandarin and Honeybee Coexistence Working Group from recommendations received by interested stakeholders. The Seedless Mandarin and Honeybee Coexistence Working Group shall be established pursuant to the procedures set forth in subdivision (b) of Section 588. For purposes of this chapter, "grower," as used in subdivision (b) of Section 588, includes a beekeeper. (7944)

(b) The Seedless Mandarin and Honeybee Coexistence Working Group shall meet on a regular and consistent basis in an effort to develop best management practices that address the coexistence issues related to production of seedless mandarin varieties located in Fresno, Kern, Madera, and Tulare Counties, while providing for the reasonable access to citrus for the California bee industry. (7945)

29812. The secretary shall give the Seedless Mandarin and Honeybee Coexistence Working Group reasonable time to develop best management practices described in Section 29810. (7946)

(a) If the Seedless Mandarin and Honeybee Coexistence Working Group reaches consensus of best management practices prior to June 1, 2008, the secretary may adopt regulations if, in the secretary's judgment, this action is necessary to implement and enforce the best management practices. (7947)

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