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Connecticut Laws | Title 25 Water Resources. Flood And Erosion Control
CHAPTER 474 POLLUTION
Sec. 25-40. Analysis of water. Schedule of fees, when applicable.

Sec. 25-40. Analysis of water. Schedule of fees, when applicable. (216)(Text)

Town, city and borough directors of health shall, when in their judgment health may be menaced or impaired through a water supply, send, subject to the approval of the Department of Public Health, samples of such water to said department for examination and analysis. Said department shall perform such examination and analysis without charge unless such town, city or borough is to be reimbursed for the expense of any such examination and analysis, and in such event a fee shall be charged in accordance with a schedule of fees to be established by the Commissioner of Public Health, based upon nationally recognized standards and performance measures for such examination and analysis. Any person, firm or corporation which operates or maintains a laboratory in which any determination, examination or analysis is made of any sample of water or sewage as a basis for advice as to the sanitary quality of such water or sewage or as to any possible danger to health involved, unless such laboratory has been approved specifically for that purpose by the Department of Public Health, after meeting the requirements established by said department, shall be fined not more than one hundred dollars. (217)

Sec. 25-40a. Notification of violation of national primary drinking water standards. (218)(Text)

Not later than five business days after receiving notice that a public water system is in violation of the federal Environmental Protection Agency national primary drinking water standards, the Commissioner of Public Health shall give written or electronic notification of such violation to the chief elected official of the municipality where such public water system is located and of any municipality that is served by such public water system. (219)

Sec. 25-41. Cemetery not to be within one-half mile of reservoir. (220)(Text)

No cemetery or place of sepulture shall be located or established within one-half mile of any reservoir from which the inhabitants of a town, city or borough are supplied with water, nor shall such reservoir be located or established within one-half mile of a cemetery or place of sepulture unless the superior court for the judicial district wherein such cemetery or place of sepulture or reservoir is located, upon application and notice, finds that such cemetery or place of sepulture or such reservoir so proposed to be located is of public convenience and necessity and will not be detrimental to the public health. (221)

Sec. 25-42. Power to take lands and streams. (222)(Text)

Any town, city, borough or corporation authorized by law to supply the inhabitants of any town, city or borough with pure water for public or domestic use may take and use such lands, springs, streams or ponds, or such rights or interests therein, as the Superior Court, or any judge thereof in vacation, on application, deems necessary for the purposes of such supply. The court shall approve or disapprove such taking and use after review of the applicant's analysis of future water supply demands and a determination that alternative means of supplying pure water, including, but not limited to, interconnections to other existing supply systems or a program of demand management, are not reasonably available or feasible to meet such demands provided, if any land proposed for taking is currently being used for agriculture, the court shall consider whether the taking and loss of such agricultural land is offset by the public's need for an adequate supply of pure water. For the purpose of preserving the purity of such water and preventing any contamination thereof, such town, city, borough or corporation may take such lands or rights as the Superior Court, or any judge thereof in vacation, on application, deems necessary therefor. In any case in which the law requires compensation to be made to any person whose rights, interests or property may be injuriously affected by such orders, said court or such judge shall appoint a committee of three disinterested property owners of the judicial district, who shall determine and award the amount to be paid by such authorities before such order is carried into effect. (223)

Sec. 25-43. Bathing in and pollution of reservoirs. Aircraft on reservoirs. Penalties. (224)(Text)

(a) Any person who bathes or swims in any reservoir from which the inhabitants of any town, city or borough are supplied with water, or in any lake, pond or stream tributary to any distribution reservoir, or in any part of any lake, pond or stream tributary to any storage reservoir, which part is distant less than two miles measured along the flow of water from any part of such storage reservoir, and any person who causes or allows any pollutant or harmful substance to enter any such public water supply reservoir, whether distribution or storage, or any of its tributaries, or commits any nuisance in any public water supply reservoir or its watershed, shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than thirty days, or both. For the purposes of this section, "storage reservoir" means an artificial impoundment of substantial amounts of water, used or designed for the storage of a public water supply and the release thereof to a distribution reservoir, and "distribution reservoir" means a reservoir from which water is directly released into pipes or pipelines leading to treatment or purification facilities or connected directly with distribution mains of a public water system. (225)

(b) No person, after having received notice or after notice has been posted that any reservoir, lake or pond, or any stream tributary thereto, is used for supplying the inhabitants of a town, city or borough with water, shall wash any animal or clothing or other article or allow any animal to enter therein. No person shall cause or allow any pollutant or harmful substance to enter such reservoir, lake, pond or stream, nor shall any person, after receipt of written notice from the municipality, water company, as defined in section 25-32a, or the local director of health having jurisdiction, or their agents, that the same is detrimental to such water supply, permit any such substance to be placed upon land owned, occupied or controlled by such person, so that the same may be carried by rains or freshets or otherwise flow into the water of such reservoir, lake, pond or stream, or allow to be drained any sewage from such land into such water. Any person who violates any provision of this subsection shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than thirty days, or both. (226)

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