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Texas Laws | Government Code

GOVERNMENT CODE (1)(Text)

TITLE 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS (2)(Text)

Updated: 08/03/2018 at 14:47:36. Including revisions from the 2017 Texas Legislature. (3)

CHAPTER 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS (4)(Text)

Sec. 1.001. PURPOSE OF CODE. (5)(Text)

(a) This code is enacted as a part of the state's continuing statutory revision program, begun by the Texas Legislative Council in 1963 as directed by the legislature in the law codified as Chapter 323 of this code. The program contemplates a topic-by-topic revision of the state's general and permanent statute law without substantive change. (6)

(b) Consistent with the objectives of the statutory revision program, the purpose of this code is to make the law encompassed by this code more accessible and understandable, by: (7)

(1) rearranging the statutes into a more logical order; (8)

(2) employing a format and numbering system designed to facilitate citation of the law and to accommodate future expansion of the law; (9)

(3) eliminating repealed, duplicative, unconstitutional, expired, executed, and other ineffective provisions; and (10)

(4) restating the law in modern American English to the greatest extent possible. (11)

Acts 1985, 69th Leg., ch. 479, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1985. (12)

Sec. 1.002. CONSTRUCTION OF CODE. (13)(Text)

The Code Construction Act (Chapter 311 of this code) applies to the construction of each provision in this code, except as otherwise expressly provided by this code. (14)

Acts 1985, 69th Leg., ch. 479, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1985. (15)

Sec. 1.003. INTERNAL REFERENCES. (16)(Text)

In this code: (17)

(1) a reference to a title, chapter, or section without further identification is a reference to a title, chapter, or section of this code; and (18)

(2) a reference to a subtitle, subchapter, subsection, subdivision, paragraph, or other numbered or lettered unit without further identification is a reference to a unit of the next larger unit of this code in which the reference appears. (19)

Acts 1985, 69th Leg., ch. 479, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1985. (20)

TITLE 2. JUDICIAL BRANCH (21)(Text)

SUBTITLE A. COURTS (22)(Text)

CHAPTER 21. GENERAL PROVISIONS (23)(Text)
Sec. 21.001. INHERENT POWER AND DUTY OF COURTS. (24)(Text)

(a) A court has all powers necessary for the exercise of its jurisdiction and the enforcement of its lawful orders, including authority to issue the writs and orders necessary or proper in aid of its jurisdiction. (25)

(b) A court shall require that proceedings be conducted with dignity and in an orderly and expeditious manner and control the proceedings so that justice is done. (26)

(c) During a court proceeding a judge may not request that a person remove an item of religious apparel unless: (27)

(1) a party in the proceeding objects to the wearing of the apparel; and (28)

(2) the judge concludes that the wearing of the apparel will interfere with: (29)

(A) the objecting party's right to a fair hearing; or (30)

(B) the proper administration of justice; and (31)

(3) no reasonable alternative exists under which the judge may: (32)

(A) assure a fair hearing; and (33)

(B) protect the fair administration of justice. (34)

Acts 1985, 69th Leg., ch. 480, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1985. Amended by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 54, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1997. (35)

Sec. 21.002. CONTEMPT OF COURT. (36)(Text)

(a) Except as provided by Subsection (g), a court may punish for contempt. (37)

(b) The punishment for contempt of a court other than a justice court or municipal court is a fine of not more than $500 or confinement in the county jail for not more than six months, or both such a fine and confinement in jail. (38)

(c) The punishment for contempt of a justice court or municipal court is a fine of not more than $100 or confinement in the county or city jail for not more than three days, or both such a fine and confinement in jail. (39)

(d) An officer of a court who is held in contempt by a trial court shall, on proper motion filed in the offended court, be released on his own personal recognizance pending a determination of his guilt or innocence. The presiding judge of the administrative judicial region in which the alleged contempt occurred shall assign a judge who is subject to assignment by the presiding judge other than the judge of the offended court to determine the guilt or innocence of the officer of the court. (40)

(e) Except as provided by Subsection (h), this section does not affect a court's power to confine a contemner to compel the contemner to obey a court order. (41)

(f) Article 42.033, Code of Criminal Procedure, and Chapter 157, Family Code, apply when a person is punished by confinement for contempt of court for disobedience of a court order to make periodic payments for the support of a child. Subsection (h) does not apply to that person. (42)

(g) A court may not punish by contempt an employee or an agency or institution of this state for failure to initiate any program or to perform a statutory duty related to that program: (43)

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