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Texas Laws | Penal Code
PENAL CODE
TITLE 7. OFFENSES AGAINST PROPERTY

(1) prepares or causes to be prepared a statement that: (3783)

(A) the person knows contains false or misleading material information; and (3784)

(B) is presented to an insurer; or (3785)

(2) presents or causes to be presented to an insurer a statement that the person knows contains false or misleading material information. (3786)

(a-1) A person commits an offense if the person, with intent to defraud or deceive an insurer and in support of an application for an insurance policy: (3787)

(1) prepares or causes to be prepared a statement that: (3788)

(A) the person knows contains false or misleading material information; and (3789)

(B) is presented to an insurer; or (3790)

(2) presents or causes to be presented to an insurer a statement that the person knows contains false or misleading material information. (3791)

(b) A person commits an offense if, with intent to defraud or deceive an insurer, the person solicits, offers, pays, or receives a benefit in connection with the furnishing of goods or services for which a claim for payment is submitted under an insurance policy. (3792)

(c) An offense under Subsection (a) or (b) is: (3793)

(1) a Class C misdemeanor if the value of the claim is less than $100; (3794)

(2) a Class B misdemeanor if the value of the claim is $100 or more but less than $750; (3795)

(3) a Class A misdemeanor if the value of the claim is $750 or more but less than $2,500; (3796)

(4) a state jail felony if the value of the claim is $2,500 or more but less than $30,000; (3797)

(5) a felony of the third degree if the value of the claim is $30,000 or more but less than $150,000; (3798)

(6) a felony of the second degree if the value of the claim is $150,000 or more but less than $300,000; or (3799)

(7) a felony of the first degree if: (3800)

(A) the value of the claim is $300,000 or more; or (3801)

(B) an act committed in connection with the commission of the offense places a person at risk of death or serious bodily injury. (3802)

(d) An offense under Subsection (a-1) is a state jail felony. (3803)

(e) The court shall order a defendant convicted of an offense under this section to pay restitution, including court costs and attorney's fees, to an affected insurer. (3804)

(f) If conduct that constitutes an offense under this section also constitutes an offense under any other law, the actor may be prosecuted under this section, the other law, or both. (3805)

(g) For purposes of this section, if the actor proves by a preponderance of the evidence that a portion of the claim for payment under an insurance policy resulted from a valid loss, injury, expense, or service covered by the policy, the value of the claim is equal to the difference between the total claim amount and the amount of the valid portion of the claim. (3806)

(h) If it is shown on the trial of an offense under this section that the actor submitted a bill for goods or services in support of a claim for payment under an insurance policy to the insurer issuing the policy, a rebuttable presumption exists that the actor caused the claim for payment to be prepared or presented. (3807)

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 621, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1995. Amended by Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 605, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 2003. (3808)

Amended by: (3809)

Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 1162 (H.B. 3376), Sec. 4, eff. September 1, 2005. (3810)

Acts 2015, 84th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1251 (H.B. 1396), Sec. 25, eff. September 1, 2015. (3811)

Sec. 35.025. VALUE OF CLAIM. (3812)(Text)

(a) Except as provided by Subsection (b) and subject to Subsection (c), for the purposes of Section 35.02(c), if the value of a claim is not readily ascertainable, the value of the claim is: (3813)

(1) the fair market value, at the time and place of the offense, of the goods or services that are the subject of the claim; or (3814)

(2) the cost of replacing the goods or services that are the subject of the claim within a reasonable time after the claim. (3815)

(b) If goods or services that are the subject of a claim cannot be reasonably ascertained under Subsection (a), the goods or services are considered to have a value of $750 or more but less than $2,500. (3816)

(c) If the actor proves by a preponderance of the evidence that a portion of the claim for payment under an insurance policy resulted from a valid loss, injury, expense, or service covered by the policy, the value of the claim is equal to the difference between the total claim amount and the amount of the valid portion of the claim. (3817)

Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 1162 (H.B. 3376), Sec. 4, eff. September 1, 2005. (3818)

Amended by: (3819)

Acts 2015, 84th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1251 (H.B. 1396), Sec. 26, eff. September 1, 2015. (3820)

Sec. 35.03. AGGREGATION AND MULTIPLE OFFENSES. (3821)(Text)

(a) When separate claims in violation of this chapter are communicated to an insurer or group of insurers pursuant to one scheme or continuing course of conduct, the conduct may be considered as one offense and the value of the claims aggregated in determining the classification of the offense. If claims are aggregated under this subsection, Subsection (b) shall not apply. (3822)

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