Goto previous pageGoto next page
pg. 73

Texas Laws | Penal Code
PENAL CODE
TITLE 7. OFFENSES AGAINST PROPERTY

(4) the actor intentionally or knowingly secures the performance of the service by agreeing to provide compensation and, after the service is rendered, fails to make full payment after receiving notice demanding payment. (2631)

(b) For purposes of this section, intent to avoid payment is presumed if: (2632)

(1) the actor absconded without paying for the service or expressly refused to pay for the service in circumstances where payment is ordinarily made immediately upon rendering of the service, as in hotels, campgrounds, recreational vehicle parks, restaurants, and comparable establishments; (2633)

(2) the actor failed to make payment under a service agreement within 10 days after receiving notice demanding payment; (2634)

(3) the actor returns property held under a rental agreement after the expiration of the rental agreement and fails to pay the applicable rental charge for the property within 10 days after the date on which the actor received notice demanding payment; or (2635)

(4) the actor failed to return the property held under a rental agreement: (2636)

(A) within five days after receiving notice demanding return, if the property is valued at less than $2,500; or (2637)

(B) within three days after receiving notice demanding return, if the property is valued at $2,500 or more. (2638)

(c) For purposes of Subsections (a)(4), (b)(2), and (b)(4), notice shall be notice in writing, sent by registered or certified mail with return receipt requested or by telegram with report of delivery requested, and addressed to the actor at his address shown on the rental agreement or service agreement. (2639)

(d) If written notice is given in accordance with Subsection (c), it is presumed that the notice was received no later than five days after it was sent. (2640)

(d-1) For purposes of Subsection (a)(4): (2641)

(1) if the compensation is or was to be paid on a periodic basis, the intent to avoid payment for a service may be formed at any time during or before a pay period; and (2642)

(2) the partial payment of wages alone is not sufficient evidence to negate the actor's intent to avoid payment for a service. (2643)

(e) An offense under this section is: (2644)

(1) a Class C misdemeanor if the value of the service stolen is less than $100; (2645)

(2) a Class B misdemeanor if the value of the service stolen is $100 or more but less than $750; (2646)

(3) a Class A misdemeanor if the value of the service stolen is $750 or more but less than $2,500; (2647)

(4) a state jail felony if the value of the service stolen is $2,500 or more but less than $30,000; (2648)

(5) a felony of the third degree if the value of the service stolen is $30,000 or more but less than $150,000; (2649)

(6) a felony of the second degree if the value of the service stolen is $150,000 or more but less than $300,000; or (2650)

(7) a felony of the first degree if the value of the service stolen is $300,000 or more. (2651)

(f) Notwithstanding any other provision of this code, any police or other report of stolen vehicles by a political subdivision of this state shall include on the report any rental vehicles whose renters have been shown to such reporting agency to be in violation of Subsection (b)(2) and shall indicate that the renting agency has complied with the notice requirements demanding return as provided in this section. (2652)

(g) It is a defense to prosecution under this section that: (2653)

(1) the defendant secured the performance of the service by giving a post-dated check or similar sight order to the person performing the service; and (2654)

(2) the person performing the service or any other person presented the check or sight order for payment before the date on the check or sight order. (2655)

Acts 1973, 63rd Leg., p. 883, ch. 399, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1974. Amended by Acts 1977, 65th Leg., p. 1138, ch. 429, Sec. 1, eff. Aug. 29, 1977; Acts 1983, 68th Leg., p. 2920, ch. 497, Sec. 4, eff. Sept. 1, 1983; Acts 1991, 72nd Leg., ch. 565, Sec. 15, eff. Sept. 1, 1991; Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. Sept. 1, 1994; Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 479, Sec. 1, eff. Aug. 28, 1995; Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 843, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999; Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1245, Sec. 1, 2, eff. Sept. 1, 2001; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 419, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 2003. (2656)

Amended by: (2657)

Acts 2011, 82nd Leg., R.S., Ch. 141 (S.B. 1024), Sec. 1, eff. September 1, 2011. (2658)

Acts 2015, 84th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1251 (H.B. 1396), Sec. 11, eff. September 1, 2015. (2659)

Sec. 31.05. THEFT OF TRADE SECRETS. (2660)(Text)

(a) For purposes of this section: (2661)

(1) "Article" means any object, material, device, or substance or any copy thereof, including a writing, recording, drawing, sample, specimen, prototype, model, photograph, microorganism, blueprint, or map. (2662)

(2) "Copy" means a facsimile, replica, photograph, or other reproduction of an article or a note, drawing, or sketch made of or from an article. (2663)

(3) "Representing" means describing, depicting, containing, constituting, reflecting, or recording. (2664)

Goto previous page73Goto next page

  

Our Mission
Objective

Our mission is to provide citizens free access to the laws and codes of their state utilizing a unique search engine that matches clients with qualified legal professionals who can help with specific issues.

Our goal is to do this in a manner that promotes open government and freedom of information, while providing attorneys with valuable tools to connect with qualified prospects in need of professional services.

Ignorance Is No Excuse
Your Right To Know The Law

All citizens have a right to have access to the laws that govern them. Citizen awareness and participation in government is fundamental to ensuring a sound democracy.

Although unfettered access to the law is a fundamental right to all citizens, there is no substitute for experienced legal counsel.

We do not recommend self-representation. We do, however, recognize that in an age where people routinely research legal matters online using everything from a smartphone to their xbox, both attorneys and clients alike can benefit from this resource.